A Guide to Human Resources in Japan
Japan has a myriad labor laws and regulations intended to protect the rights of workers, executive employees, and business interests. Specific topics for these laws include recruitment; employment contracts; wages, working hours; work rules; workplace safety and hygiene requirements; resignation and dismissal procedures and Japan’s social security, health and pension systems.
Recruitment of Employees and Related Regulations
Getting your Human Resource policies aligned with regulations in Japan can be difficult. In most cases it’s best to work with experiences professionals early on to get the structure correct rather than wait until problems arise. Terminating full-time staff in Japan can be notoriously difficult and well informed staff know this.
Guides to understanding Wages, Working Hours, Rest Periods and Days Off in Japan.
SMEJapan has many years of dealing with Human resources issues from incorrect dismal to “self employed” contract staff. We can also help you bring an internal Human resource manual together from the start, including contracts stipulating what can and cannot be done.
Application of Laws
Japan’s major labor laws include the Labor Standard Act, the Industrial Safety and Health Act, and the Minimum Wage Act. The Labour Standards Act outlines the minimum standards for working conditions. The Industrial Safety and Health Act ensures the safety of health workers in the workplace, and the Minimum Wage Act outline the minimum wage standard for the country.
These laws apply to all businesses in Japan, be they foreign or domestic. They also protect foreign workers in Japan as long as they meet the requirements to be defined as workers under these laws.
Companies have to file various documents to report their compliance with labor laws and regulations. The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) has a list of sample documents that companies may need to file as well as detailed instructions on how to fill out the documents and submit them for filing. You can find these documents here.